Borinquen, named by the Taíno Indians and later Puerto Rico by the Spanish colonizers is the smallest island in the Antilles and is surrounded to the north by the Atlantic Ocean and to the south by the Caribbean Sea. The islands of Culebra and Vieques belong to Puerto Rico and are located to the east of the main island and La Mona towards the west in addition to very small keys.
The history of Puerto Rico takes us back to the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1493. In 1898, the island was handed over by Spain to the United States as the result of the Spanish-American war and since 1952 it is officially named the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
The Borinqueña not only preserves over 500 years of history and legends, but it is also known for its diverse natural attractions. There you will find some of the most beautiful beaches in the world. A mountain range crosses from east to west allowing a vacationer to enjoy infinity of adventures. From a trip by car and walks, mountain climbing, swimming, diving, kayaking and camping in isolated keys. One cannot forget the cultural fusion and influence between customs and traditions that date back to the aboriginal time, the Spanish and American united with the hospitality and greatness of its people.
Puerto Rico is divided into 78 municipalities of them, the smallest in area is Cataño, the largest is Arecibo. The most populated city is San Juan and the less inhabited is the island municipality of Culebra. In addition it has five metropolitan areas: San Juan Caguas, Ponce, Mayaguez, Arecibo and Aguadilla. San Juan, the beautiful capital develops in a modern style like the cities of Florida with wide avenues shaded with palms and enormous stores. On the other hand, it’s a first class cultural center with galleries, squares, theatres, and museums where you can enjoy and appreciate the Boriquen art, its traditions, roots and vast culture. There are clearly two different cities: Old San Juan and the rest of the city. Old San Juan has over 5 centuries of history, with narrow streets, originally conceived like a military fortress. Here you can find important architectural relics of the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
In addition to Old San Juan, there is an area of beautiful beaches. Condado, Miramar, Ocean Park and Isla Verde where the best beaches are found with a great infrastructure of services that includes various casinos, diving centers, modern hotels, visit splendid mountains and sea, luxurious restaurants and picturesque communities founded in the colonial period that have reached the current century without much alterations.
Ponce known as the “Pearl of the South” is a port city and a first rate cultural center, it presumes having the best cuisine and lodging on the island. It has a number of urban neighbourhoods where you can enjoy a number of buildings, among them plazas, churches, museums and theatres. Its surroundings invite you to get lost between forests and beaches.
Mayaguez, “The Sultan of the West”, is a cosmopolitan city and the third most important. Due to its being a coastal city and its proximity to excellent beaches you can experiment a diversity of water sports. The Isla de Mona is found across its coasts. Fajardo is located in Puerto Rico’s Far East. Its beaches are perfect for sports and ideal for diving. You can see some of its keys from its shores like Palominos, Icacos, Diablos and uninhabited keys. Excursions are organized to take you to the Isle of Vieques and Culebra. Las Cabezas de San Juan in Fajardo is one of the country’s most important natural areas. Cabo Rojo located in the extreme southwest is the Puerto Rican city with the greatest natural attractions, there are centers to practice sports and the Borqueron Nautical Club, beaches like Buye, Boqueron, Belvederes, Joyuda and some cultural attractions. You can find an observation tower in Arecibo which offers a magnificent view of the country’s northeast. You can find the El Yunque Forest Reserve in Luquillo located in the extreme northeast.
In Puerto Rico you can enjoy a diversity of nature and recreation options with beautiful beaches, tropical landscapes and a number of available adventures. A visitor can five in exotic coral gardens, navigate, discover old shipwrecks, visit caves, play in large golf courses and try your luck in a countless number of casinos. Puerto Rico is a good choice if you want to rest, do business or enjoy the Caribbean climate.